Today’s first speaker was Cindi Thordarson of EcoGraphics Printing in Lakewood, Colorado. Cindi took time today to discuss the evolution in typesetting and file storage in the last 25 years. When Cindi first started in the printing industry her first job was at a pre-press office in Spokane, Washington. Pre-press shops were common back in the 80’s – they were offices that offered design, layout and set up for printing. The typesetting computer they had was called a Linotype CRTronic 360, the Linotype CRTronic was a desktop computer with a 4″ by 6″ green computer screen – all of the information you typed in had to by started with a code to tell the computer what typeface, was there an indent and and any other special information that you needed. It was a very complicated system and for an 18 year old, with the attention span of a gnat, it was a fun learning experience. They would set up artboards by using the type output by the Linotype CRT and photos – that artboard would be made into a negative (similar to the negative you used to get with your photographs) and that image would then be burned onto a metal plate for printing. As the advent of computers took over the printing industry typesetting now uses programs such as InDesign and Corel Draw which are graphics design programs that allow designers and printers to simply design and edit layouts. The system that they have at EcoGraphics Printing is all electronic – where they send the art from one computer to another computer where the plates for the presses are electronically etched with a laser. The other items that Cindi showed us were the different modes of storage devices they have used in the printing industry over the last 15 years. The first 2 items Cindi showed us were the ever poplar 5.5 inch disk and a 3.25 inch disk – which we used for years and now it’s impossible to find a computer that has either disk drive, each of these had limited storage capacity. The second item she discussed was called a Syquest drive – she did not have a sample of this as they threw theirs away about five years ago after transferring all of the customers records to CD’s. The Syquest was the first external hard drive and had disks that were about the size of an old 45 record and about a half inch thick and only held 44mb of information. The next move was the Iomega Jaz Drive, which when introduced was a 1 gb storage device, and later improved to a 2 gb storage. The disk itself was setup in a 3.5 in format and about a quarter inch thick. Cindi stated that although they have not thrown away all their Jaz disks they no longer have the drive hooked up to any computer. She, then moved on to the ever present CD’s which can store up to 700 mb – all computers today have at least 2 drives and enables them to transfer from one cd to another with ease. The last thing – Cindi showed us was the latest and greatest – the flash drive – these plug into the usb port on your computer and can provide up to 16 gb of storage space in a device as big as your thumb. Cindi was nice enough to remind us that although these drives are very durable – they will not survive a dog chewing on them – speaking from experience… At EcoGraphics Printing they work very hard to keep their company as eco-friendly as possible working with water miscible cleaners, soy based inks and working with a paper supplier that is Forest Service Certified. Keep Cindi in mind when you need to re-design your image – they have everything you need to re-define your graphics package.
Cindi Thordarson * EcoGraphics Printing * email@example.com * 303.238.7791
Laura Kilty, of Shaklee, in Golden Colorado was our second speaker today. Laura started off her talk today with some crazy health statistics. Number 1 – 44 million American are at risk for osteoporosis. Number 2 – 50% of women over the age of 50 are at risk. Number 3 – Approximately 10 million people already have osteoporosis and 34 million have low bone mass – bones so brittle they can just break. Number 4 – 78% of women over the age of 20 get less than 100% of their daily calcium needs. Number 5 – Osteoporosis is a silent disease and develops as we age. Laura went on to explain that bones are a living dynamic tissue that are always changing. New bone is constantly being added and old bone is constantly be dissolved and reabsorbed, some thing that many of us don’t realize. There are specialized cells in our that break down the old, weak bones and other cells that replace them with new strong bones. If we give our bodies the nutrients – everyday and excise regularly – the system works like clock work. Our larger longer bones, such as your arm and leg bones are very dense and are completely replaced about every 10-12 years – with our less dense bones, such as your spine are replaced about every 2-3 years. Ideally the process of bone breakdown and rebuilding are balanced, but problems can arise when internal/external factors speed up mineral loss from the bone and can impede the bone repair and rebuilding. The most important element of our bones is the minerals, equally important is the balance between the minerals. Such as to much phosphorous will create poor bone structure or without enough magnesium, the calcium cannot be absorbed by the bone. Also B6 can assist the magnesium to get the calcium into the bone structure. Our bones need a good supply of minerals and nutrients every day, along with daily exercise to maintain a healthy balance. When osteoporosis starts the old bone is being reabsorbed faster than the new bone is being created, there fore the bones lose density and becomes thin and more porous. This gradual decrease in bone mass and density can begin as early as the teen years, about 85% of our adult bone mass is achieved by age 18 in girls and 20 in boys. But that lack of a healthy diet and lack of exercise are leading to people in their 20’s losing bone mass. Thinking of osteoporosis not as a calcium deficiency disease but a disease of excessive bone loss. You can take all the calcium supplements you want but if your diet and lifestyle choices are unhealthy or if the medicines you are on cause you to lose calcium, you will still experience more calcium loss from your bones than you can take in through diet. There are some ways to prevent bone loss – first talk to your doctor, ask for blood levels to be run and see where you stand with a bone density scan. Second – eat the very best diet you can – everyday. Remember consistency is the key. Third – Exercise your way to stronger bones. The strain that exercise provides on your bones stimulates the formation of new bone. Weight bearing exercises 3-4 times a week for 20 minutes at the very best. Fourth – Stay away from soda and other carbonated beverages. Researchers have shown a direct link between to much phosphorous and calcium loss. Fifth – Limit or avoid coffee, alcohol and smoking, each of these create a negative calcium balance in the body. The bone mineral content of smokers is 15-30% lower in women and 10-20% lower in men. Sixth – Take a multivitamin/mineral every day. You need one to fill in the gap from what you are not able to get from your diet, all those nutrients matter. Shaklee’s Vita-Lea has 450 mg of calcium and scientific research has proven that Shaklee’s Vita-Lea improves bone density in healthy postmenopausal women. Talk with you doctor about the calcium supplement you are taking, most doctors recommend 1000-1500 mg of calcium for women and 1200 mg for men. When you are looking for a calcium supplement it is wise to know the company making it, most calcium products are pack so tightly that it passes right through you without dissolving, thereby negating the positive effects you should be getting. Another thing to keep in mind about store bought supplements NBC did a study and found that 90% of supplements on the the grocery store shelves have a contain small quantities of lead. It is wise to know the company you are purchasing your calcium and other supplements from. Shaklee’s OsteoMatrix provides 250 mg of calcium per little caplet plus it has all the goodies in proper ratio that the body needs to build and maintain strong bones. Shaklee has clinical proof that consumption of just 2 caplets (500mg) resulted in a significant increase in blood calcium levels as measured over a 12 hour period. Lastly, Laura wanted to reminded us about Vitamin D and how it stimulates the absorption of calcium and with the use of sun screen our absorption of Vitamin D from the sun has decreased. What you are getting form your multi vitamin and calcium supplement should be fine but you made need more. When looking for a high quality multi-vitamin and calcium supplement – talk to Laura Kilty at Shaklee for an healthy alternative!
Laura Kilty * Shaklee * 303.420.3359 * KiltyCo@aol.com