Our first speaker today was Joan Brown of JB Decorating in Denver, Colorado. Joan is our interior decorator and specializes in working within your budget to create the space you want. Today, Joan wanted to remind us about the $1500.00 Federal tax credit that will give you a 30% savings on the Hunter Douglas Duette Architella cellular shades. This offer ends on December 31, 2010. Joan can give you all of the information on the available tax credits and requirements needed to get you tax credits. Contact Joan at JB Decorating 303.399.6208 to make an appointment so she can show you all the products available for this discount, keep in mind that the products must be installed by December 31, 2010 to receive the government tax credits!

Joan Brown * JB Decorating * 303.399.6208 * joancbrown@q.com


Our second speaker today was Dorothy Parrott of Behavioral Vision Care in Lakewood, Colorado. Dorothy spoke to us today about the difference between behavioral vision and standard optometry. It has been found that when doing eye screenings in school, approximately 45% of children have visual problems that are not diagnosed. This is getting better the teachers are finding out that the child is not trying but has a problem that has not been diagnosed. Most children will work around a problem without complaining but this can create other behavioral problems. Standard optometry was brought to the fore front back in the early 1900’s, when a neuroscientist, named Cuahal, he was using cadavers to trace out the visual pathways in the brain. He was working with nothing but standard surgical knives, none of the fancy tools that are around today. Cuahal did a wonderful job creating diagrams of all of the visual pathways in the brain. These were used by early doctors to follow and diagnose patients, he decreed that neurophysiology was hard wired at birth and if you had eye problems – you were a flawed person. Many physicians and optometrists still follow this thought today and treat their visual patients with surgery for issues that can be treated with visual training. In the 1920’s and 30’s there were a group of optometrists that starting working together, to try to help children with cross eyes. This group worked with doctors and other neuroscientists of the time. Dorothy’s father was one of these men, along with a psychologist named Arnnold Gesell, who was working with animals trying to find out more about humans that were considered “flawed” and he discovered that the Cuahal Decree was not correct and that vision along with everything else in children develops over time. He went back to school to become a pediatrician, which allowed him to become the Head of Pediatrics at Yale, this enabled him to study and work with children. He also brought in a bunch of optometrists to learn if vision is hard wired or a developed process. The first main study was with babies and came to the conclusion that the brain was changing constantly along with the visual process. In retirement, Gesell, wrote a book called “Vision –it’s development in infant and child”, stirring up the entire neuroscience and optometry community. In the 1950’s, group of scientists at MIT decided that if Gesell was right and that they should be able to prove or disprove his conclusions by working with kittens and monkeys. The easiest study to tell you about was the kittens – once their eyes opened they would put a collar on them and leave it on for eight months. Using the litter mates as the control group – once the collar was removed and they would suspend a bell in front of them, the control kittens had no problem – but the test kittens could never hit the bell. The joke was that they had poor paw-eye coordination. The point was that with the collar that blocked their view of the front paws it made it impossible for the kittens to coordinate the eye to paw, but the test kittens caught up with their litter mates in 2 weeks. Therefore, showing that although the vision was altered from birth the brain adapted quickly once the obstruction was removed. The next major study was at Harvard in 1972, two scientists who wanted to know more of what was going on in the brain. They once again kittens and monkeys, in which, they sutured one eyelid closed, a deprivation study, through early development with one eye gathering all the data and the other getting none. At various intervals they would take the animals and flash a white and black checkerboard – high stimulation experiment – with micro electrodes attached to brain of the animal, taping into one cell at a time. It was found that the eye that was deprived of sight was blind after that they then switched the eyes and found that without enough stimulation the blindness would remain. So they created an environment in which the monkey had a lot of extra stimulation to recreate the visual pathways in the brain. To this day there is a lot of controversy over the flexibility of the brain, although the behavioral optometrists have gotten over the fact that our vision is not hard wired at birth many ophthalmologists still follow the Cuasel decree creating controversy with the vision world.

Dorothy Parrott * Behavioral Vision Care * 303.986-9554 * www.behavioralvison.com